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Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Cancer can be a scary word that serves as an umbrella term that refers to several almost hundred related diseases. However, a significant and fear-evoking an illness may be, a better understanding of the same will always be beneficial. The human body is made up of basic units, called cells, which can grow, divide and […]

Symptoms and Treatment
Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological issue and disorder where the brain starts losing brain cells in a degenerative way. This causes memory loss and also cognitive functions. It is one of the most common kinds of dementia, accounting to almost 70-80% in the United States alone. First symptoms have proven to be mild, but they […]

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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Cancer can be a scary word that serves as an umbrella term that refers to several almost hundred related diseases. However, a significant and fear-evoking an illness may be, a better understanding of the same will always be beneficial. The human body is made up of basic units, called cells, which can grow, divide and die as per the requirements of the body. When a particular cell is damaged or dies, they are replaced by new ones which are an orderly process. However, due to genetic interferences, it is possible that the cells can continue to generate without any requirement for them in the body. This sudden growth can form into a tumour as well. Hence Cancer can originate at any part of the human body. If the tumour can spread to the nearby cells and tissues as well, it is called cancerous, and if it does not, it is called benign. Cancers can also not have tumours, like blood cancer or leukaemia. This is how Cancer usually forms in an individual.

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Breast Cancer is the most common type of Cancer, where the cells in the breast overgrow and out of control resulting in lump formation in the ducts or the lobules. This disease is common in females and is sometimes found in males. Carcinoma, -sarcoma or –blastoma are usually used as a suffix to name cancers. Breast cancer is scientifically known as ductal carcinoma of the breast. One out of every twenty-eight women are likely to have breast cancer, and 2000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every day in India. Hence it is very reasonable that someone one knows or oneself may have this disease.

Look out for symptoms of Breast Cancer

Breast-cancer

 

Due to this reason, it becomes essential that everyone is informed about the symptoms and signs of breast cancer. The signs and symptoms of breast cancer often vary from person to person. However, the general signs and symptoms include:

    • Discharge from the nipple (apart from breast milk)
    • Pain on the breast
  • Feeling the presence of lumps on or inside the breast (sometimes in the underarm area)
  • Disproportionate shape between the two breasts (usually an increase in size)
  • Change in the skin texture on and around the breasts
  • Nipple retraction (turning inwards)
  • Redness or darkening of the breasts

A Tamilian actress and a single mother, Gautami were diagnosed with breast cancer at an early stage as she had undergone a breast self-examination where she found a lump which led her to visit the doctor. Hence, learning how to administer a self-examination for breast cancer and undertaking it regularly can help detect Cancer at early stages, although it should be used in combination with other scientific techniques. She underwent lumpectomy, radiation and chemotherapy, which helped her defeat Cancer. She believes that the constant state of trauma that she let herself witness due to stress is what gave way to her Cancer.

Symptoms and Treatment

Alzheimer’s disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological issue and disorder where the brain starts losing brain cells in a degenerative way. This causes memory loss and also cognitive functions. It is one of the most common kinds of dementia, accounting to almost 70-80% in the United States alone. First symptoms have proven to be mild, but they become severe over time. It becomes harder and harder for people to remember even recent events, and they also find it hard to recognize people that they have known all their life. Some people fail to recognize their own spouses and children. Eventually, a person with this affliction will need complete and full-time assistance as they begin to forget how to do basic tasks.

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Some symptoms which show that the person has Alzheimer’s disease:

–    The person shows a decline in behavioral and also cognitive function and their performance is completely dampened compared to how they were before. They start forgetting many common things, things that should be easy to remember. This decline can be recognized when they ask repetitive questions in a conversation, when they misplace very important personal belongings and claim that they don’t remember where they have placed it, when they get lost on routes that they have known for years and also when they forget important events and even appointments and behave as though it is just a regular day.

–    Many other things can be recognized; these symptoms that will state can be seen later on, when the disease has progressed.

An inability to speak native languages, an inability to do basic tasks like eating food or even going to the bathroom by yourself; being unable to recognize faces or even some common objects that have been in their lives for a while and also many other things like the inability to make easy decisions, making it hard to do simple things, and also being obsessive about common things which can be construed as socially unacceptable behavior.

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The treatment for Alzheimer’s is very tricky because there is no known cure for the disease. The process of brain cells dying cannot be reversed. But, some therapeutic treatments will make it easier for people to live with the disease and have somewhat of a good time in their sunset years. There are also no disease-modifying drugs that are currently available for Alzheimer’s. There are indeed some options that can reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life. The absolute need for a good quality life becomes very important as the person starts depending on people and when they stop being able to live independently. This disease usually affects older people, people who have crossed the age of 50.

Coping with Stress

Tips for Coping with Stress

Living a healthy life is a goal that most people set for themselves but somehow fail to achieve. What one fails to understand in the process of rigorous workout routines, instant health mixes, protein shakes, and so on is the fact that being healthy does not merely mean being disease free. Preventive measures along with a proper diet, exercise routine and sleeping patterns are indeed necessary. However, these measures can prove to be ineffective when one ignores the component of wellbeing. Wellbeing is a holistic and dynamic evaluation health that looks into a person’s physical, psychological, occupational, family, social and spiritual functioning which will determine their quality of life.

stress-management

A significant deterrent that stands in the way of people from achieving a healthy lifestyle despite their consistent efforts can be stress. Stress, as everyone understands, is a psychological discomfort that prevents people from performing as well as they usually do due to any stressor that can range from an intimidating professor to a traumatic event such as the loss of a loved one. When the stress experienced is not coped with efficiently, it can impact the normal functioning of the individual, resulting in deteriorating health.

High blood pressure, heart diseases, eating disorders, asthma, and so on are diseases that have been proven to have stress as a significant causal factor for its onset. This is why it is necessary to develop efficient coping techniques that will deem one victorious over the stress life throws at them.

stress-management

Know the difference between positive and negative coping

Over time, people develop various coping strategies that they have found to work. However, it is not compulsory that just coping with stress makes life easier. Some coping techniques can even end up doing more harm than the stressor itself. All of us know someone who shops compulsively or eats excessively or even detach oneself from loved ones at the face of stress. This tendency of negative coping is precisely why it is essential to develop positive coping strategies. Taking a break has proven to be the most effective coping strategy. Detach yourself from that stressful work project, enjoy a day at home and then get back to it. The results you yield will be far higher than a mediocre idea that you conjured up when you were stressed. While experiences stress, something that most people need more than a helping hand is a listening ear.

Having a friend who you can talk to will help you to get through anything as well as figure out what precisely the problem is. One should never underestimate the soothing powers of venting out. Lastly, but most importantly, make sure that your goals are achievable. When life throws lemons at you don’t find fresh lemons and hand it over. If you are stressed because you have a lot of things to do- Prioritize. Prioritizing things that are most important to you and saying no to people and things that you don’t want to waste time on is essentially the golden rule of positive coping.

substance

Substance Abuse- An ordinary Vice?

What is substance abuse?

Substance abuse, otherwise called drug abuse, is the specific intake of a medication in which the client abuses the substance in sums or with techniques which are hurtful to themselves or others, and is a type of substance-related turmoil. Generally, different meanings of drug abuse are used as a part of general wellbeing, therapeutic and legal settings. Drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, cannabis, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, opioids and some substituted amphetamines. The exact reason for substance abuse isn’t apparent, with the two likely assumptions being: either a hereditary predisposition or a simple case of curiosity among teens that lead to the gradual development of dependency.

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‘Students are taking drugs as well as peddling’ read a recent news article. To this, IndrajitDeshmukh, advisor at Practical Life Skills, a restoration focus, said “over the most recent five years, the quantity of drug abuse cases in females and youths in the age gathering of 14-16 has expanded considerably. Students take drugs as well as hawking drugs nowadays for pain-free income. The drugs are effectively accessible at shabby rates in ghetto regions.”

Effects of substance abuse

The detrimental effects of drug abuse are not unknown. It can lead to unhealthy dietary behaviours, sexual behaviours that may result in STD’s and unintended pregnancies, cause unintentional harm or injury to oneself and others and have long-term health risks. For example, smoking can have immediate health consequences, such as bad breath, yellow teeth, and headaches as well as long-term, which can include lung cancer, emphysema, and heart disease.

substance abuse

In the psychological and sociological contexts, the drug is a term for a habit-forming substance which directly affects the brain or nervous system.Frequent use is considered dangerous, immoral and anti-social as it arouses a variety of angry and hostile sentiments. However, several simple reasons can be the cause of such behaviour by teens, which may include peer pressure, curiosity, and bonding experience, and so on. The abuse part comes later on to these teenagers, which is often unplanned. Drug abuse can be reinforced by the pleasurable sensations produced- this can be the high or the kick experienced by the user. It is also reinforced when people with dependent personalities substitute the emotional support and attention that they failed to obtain from others by drug use.Drug usage is also sometimes an expression of a person’s need for power.

substance

How to help?

Hence, the role of parents and teachers comes off as a great source of influence in the child’s behaviour if they can provide accurate and effective education about drugs and its effects. Considering the rising number to young people who abuse drugs, it’s necessary for physicians to adapt their attitude towards the act and remain non-judgmental. This will initiate follow-up procedures for affected youngsters that will provide a much more holistic rehabilitation process to those affected.

 

Invisible threat to Health

The Invisible threat to Health

One of the most pressing challenges our country faces, affecting: North and south. Rich and poor. Old and young. Those who work and those who can’t. Disabled and non-disabled people. A problem that can strike anyone. It blights millions of lives and undermines the welfare of our nation. It is, of course, the challenge of mental health.

India ranks at the top as the most depressed country in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India’s depression levels are as high as 36 per cent and is the highest in the world. What makes this even more alarming is the fact that The World Health Organization reports that depression is the leading cause of sickness and disability in the world. While the exact cause of depression isn’t clear, research suggests that most mental disorders develop, at least in part, because of a chemical imbalance in the brain, and an underlying genetic predisposition. So you can’t just shake it off.

However, the biggest obstacle in overcoming this challenge lies elsewhere; when mental and physical illnesses are treated differently, there arises the failure to recognize the onset of depression, and moreover, it’s the refusal to acknowledge that there could be a problem.

Now, one would think a widespread and vital challenge like this would be something we would all talk about. That it would be top of the political agenda. But that doesn’t tend to happen. For far too long, the country has maintained almost complete silence about mental health. Only in emergencies and at the end of conditions do we tend to talk about the issue. Some people would argue that mental health is something talked about in good times when there are no other pressing needs. That is far from the truth. Such high rates of depression in India will only have detrimental effects on its economy and hold back prosperity.

Mental health is a subject we all, whoever we are, still instinctively avoid. At home, in the workplace and in our communities, it tends to be brushed under the carpet. Neither at school nor home do young children learn about mental illness. As a result, we all fear the unknown. Today in 2019, far too many people in this country still feel as if they have to pretend they have something else wrong with them when they are struggling with depression. People can be scared to tell their boss, their friends, their spouse and their children. Scared into silence. People pretend to be alright, family and friends pretend that they haven’t noticed, the pretence continuesuntil it’s too late. A change of attitude has been observed in illnesses that have previously been taboo: from cancer to aids to other sexually transmitted diseases.

Mental health still awaits the change.

36% of India is depressed. It’s time we do something about it.

 

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